sports betting lines meaning

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When you choose a side against the spread and wager 11 to win 10, the book is essentially making a bet of 10 to win 11 on the other side. You can see how that would be a profitable model over time. The exception being more money coming in on a particular side from a few big bettors opposed to more tickets from the public in general.

Sports betting lines meaning comeon sports betting

Sports betting lines meaning

The cards are simple to fill out. Simply darken the boxes, or circles, that apply to the teams you wish to parlay. Then darken the amount you want to bet. Sportsbooks offer bettors the opportunity to wager on the outcome of a season -- for example, which team will win the Super Bowl or the Stanley Cup or the American League East pennant.

This is known as "futures book" or "future book" betting. As an illustration, let's look at Super Bowl futures. For example, the Ravens may be , the Redskins , the Cardinals , etc. It does not matter whether your team covers the point spread in the Super Bowl.

For the purposes of future book betting, the team has to win only the Super Bowl. When you make a futures bet, your odds are "locked in. Futures betting also is offered on the major events in horse racing, such as the Kentucky Derby and Breeders' Cup. In horse racing futures, if your horse does not start the race due to injury or any other reason, you lose the bet -- there are no refunds.

On the other hand, the odds on your horse racing futures bet also are "locked in," regardless of the horse's odds on race day. Some sportsbooks offer futures betting on unusual propositions, such as which major league baseball player will hit the most home runs in the regular season. Note that in this type of wager, all bets are action regardless of injuries or other unforeseen events.

This type of wager is typically found on pro football and major league baseball, and sometimes on pro basketball. If the Yankees go on to win 94 or more games, the "over" is a winner. If they win 92 or fewer games, the "under" is a winner. If they win exactly 93, the bet is a push and tickets are refunded. Among Las Vegas gamblers, golf is considered one of the two fastest-growing sports to bet on auto racing is the other.

The most basic form of golf betting involves picking the winner of a tournament. Typically a sports book will list 30 or more individual golfers along with a field all others option, at various odds. Another popular form of golf betting involves matchup propositions, in which two golfers are paired against each other in a head-to-head wager, with a betting line on each golfer set by the oddsmaker.

The golfer with the better lower score wins the matchup. If one golfer continues play in the tournament after his opponent misses the cut, the golfer who continues play wins the matchup. For example, a matchup may pit Lehman minus against Jim Furyk plus Some matchups pit one usually very good golfer against two or more others. To determine the winner, take Woods' score and compare with to the best lowest score recorded by the three others. If he finishes first, second or third in the tournament, the "under" wins; if he finishes fourth or worse, the "over" tickets cash.

Rules vary by casino, but usually your golfer must tee off in the tournament for "action" meaning once he tees off, you will either win or lose your bet. If for some reason he does not tee off, this is usually considered "no action" and tickets are refunded. To bet on hockey, tell the ticket writer the bet number of the team you wish to bet and the amount you wish to wager. If your team covers the goal spread, you win. The payout is based on a "Money Line". When betting on hockey, the team you bet on must "cover the spread.

The Red Wings must win the game by at least two goals to be a winner. If you bet on the Sharks, you win your bet if: a The Sharks win the game. Note: The money line is used in conjunction with the point spread. All teams must win to win the bet. Hockey parlays are figured out by calculating the payout for the first game, based on the money line, then applying that amount to the next game and so forth. Thanks to satellite feeds from racetracks around the nation, Las Vegas is a sort of nirvana for horse racing bettors or "horseplayers," as they are sometimes called.

Because there are so many tracks to choose from, in Las Vegas race books it is usually necessary to identify which track you want when you place your bet. For example, tell the ticket writer, "Churchill Downs, eighth race, five dollars to win on No. Otherwise, betting procedure in the race book is the same as at the track: For you to collect on a "win" bet your horse must win the race, to collect on a "place" bet he must finish first or second, and to collect on a "show" bet he must finish first, second or third.

Betting a horse "across the board" is really three separate bets: one to win, one to place and one to show. Hitting an "exacta" entails picking the first two finishers in a race in the correct order; a "quinella" is the first two finishers in either order. A "trifecta" is the first three finishers in exact order; a "trifecta box" is the first three in any order.

A "superfecta" is the first four finishers in exacta order. A "daily double" is a wager that calls for picking the winners of two consecutive races. A "daily triple" entails picking the winners of three consecutive races. And a "Pick Six" calls for picking the winners of six consecutive races, an extremely difficult feat that is usually rewarded with an enormous payout. In Las Vegas, race books frequently offer promotions such as free contests with cash prizes, special house-banked betting pools that grow larger if no one hits them for a few days or horse racing tournaments.

Rules and details vary greatly by casino so be sure to shop around to find those that appeal to you. Nevada sportsbooks are not permitted to accept wagers on presidential elections, the Academy Awards or the winner of the TV show "Survivor. They are not real betting lines. Under state law, wagers must involve the outcome of "athletic contests" rather than elections or votes of any kind. Even so, "wacky" proposition bets can sometimes be found in Las Vegas sportsbooks.

They are often linked to the Super Bowl or another major sporting event. For instance, in Super Bowl XXXV gamblers could bet on whether the Ravens would score more touchdowns than the Chicago Blackhawks scored goals on Super Bowl Sunday -- and that was just one of countless "wacky" propositions. As another example, to generate interest in Monday Night NFL games, many sportsbooks offer odds on which player will score the first touchdown in the game.

These "wacky" bets can be lots of fun, but odds and details vary tremendously by casino, so read the fine print before getting involved. The toolbar contains the following The AudioEye Help Desk to report accessibility and usability related issues. Please click here if you are not redirected within a few seconds. Search Las Vegas Shows Start date.

End date. This guide is provided for informational purposes only. This is not a betting site. Auto racing Betting on auto racing has exploded in popularity in Vegas in recent years, and its appeal continues to grow. Driver Odds Jeff Gordon Jeff Burton Casey Atwood Auto racing matchup propositions also are available, in which two drivers are paired against each other in a head-to-head wager, with a betting line on each driver set by the oddsmaker.

Baseball To bet on baseball, tell the ticket writer the bet number of the team you wish to bet and the amount you wish to wager. Example: Pitcher listed is starting pitcher Bet Num. You have just seen an example of a dime line. Braves Dodgers Braves Dodgers Even You can arrive at the underdog's price by looking at the favorite's line.

Total: Total runs scored in a game. Example: Bet Num. Baseball Parlays You may combine several teams into one wager. Listed pitcher s option When making a baseball bet, you are betting team vs. Basketball To bet on basketball, tell the ticket writer the bet number of the team you wish to bet, with the point spread, and the amount you wish to wager. This is called a straight bet. Example: Bet No. Total: Total points scored in a game. The following are approximate odds: 2 teams 3 teams 4 teams 5 teams 6 teams 7 teams Any game that results in a push reduces the parlay one team.

Basketball Teasers: A wager that improves the point spread, but at reduced odds. The following are approximate odds: Number of teams 4 points 4. A draw on a straight bet will refund your bet. Football To bet on football, tell the ticket writer the bet number of the team you wish to bet, with the point spread and the amount you wish to wager.

A straight bet is the most common type of football bet. If the Dolphins win by exactly 6 points, the wager is declared a push and all money is refunded. Bet No. Football Parlays: More than one team on the same bet. Football Teasers: A wager that improves the point spread, but at reduced odds.

Teasers cannot be straight bets. The following are approximate odds: Number of teams 6 points 6. Golf Among Las Vegas gamblers, golf is considered one of the two fastest-growing sports to bet on auto racing is the other. With the money line you just have to hope your team wins rather than cover a point spread. Of course, the one downside is having to risk more money to return the same amount that a point spread bet would net you.

When the point spread was invented in Chicago by Charles McNeil the money line took a backseat. In football the money line is often a popular choice for bettors who have been burned by last-second scoring that actually had no actual affect on the outcome of the game. Money line bets tend to be even more popular with underdogs.

A nice profit can be made if a touchdown or more underdog pulls off an outright win. When betting with a point spread you are wagering that a particular team will win or lose by a certain amount of points. This pays out even-money minus the vigorish, or bookmakers take, which we will later explain further. If the final score happens to end up exactly on the number it's a tie, or 'push,' and you get your money back. These are examples of 'side' betting with a point spread.

There are also 'total' wagers that refer to the total amount of points scored by both teams. The optimal situation for bookmakers is to set odds that will attract an equal amount of money on both sides, thus limiting their exposure to any one particular result. To further explain, consider two people make a bet on each side of a game without a bookmaker. In a perfect world if all bookmaker action was balanced, they would be guaranteed a nice profit because of the vig.

Identify the favorite : Lines with a - before the number i. That does not mean you have to bet that much, it's just easiest to understand! The most important thing you can teach yourself early on is: "Just because the books assign one side to be the favorite even large, or , favorites , does not mean that they will win. Money line odds - These are by far the most common form of odds in North America for sports betting.

They are expressed as numbers greater than , and they can be either a positive or negative number. Each one is a little bit different. Just what is a moneyline? Essentially, a moneyline bet is a bet on which team is going to win the game.

There is no point spread or other handicap for either team, so if you pick a team and it scores more points than the other team then you win. Obviously there has to be a catch, though, or the bet would be way too simple. The sportsbooks balance their risk by setting different prices on each team. You win a smaller amount than you bet if you pick the favorite, and you generally win more than you bet if you pick the underdog.

The stronger the favorite the less you will win, and vice versa. How do you read a moneyline? A moneyline is a number larger than , and it is either positive or negative. A line with a positive number means that the team is the underdog. In most cases, the favorite will be the team with a negative moneyline in some cases both teams can have a negative moneyline if they are both closely matched.

A team with a moneyline of wouldn't be favored nearly as strongly as a team with a moneyline of Why would I bet a favorite on the moneyline? The biggest advantage of the moneyline for the NBA is that your team doesn't have to overcome the point spread for you to win your game. If your handicapping leads you to believe that one team is likely to win but you can be less certain that they will win by as much as the point spread then the moneyline may be attractive.

You are sacrificing some potential return because the moneyline won't pay as much for the favorite as the point spread will, but it's obviously better to make a small profit than it is to lose a bet. This is particularly attractive in basketball because the favorites can often face large point spreads and teams can win comfortably and effectively without covering the spread. Why would I bet an underdog on the moneyline? Simply, bigger returns.

You won't win as often, of course, because the underdog not only has to cover the spread, but it actually has to win the game outright. Upsets happen, though, and good handicapping will often isolate situations where the likelihood of an upset exceeds the risk of the bet. This is especially relevant in the NBA because the number of games, and the possibility for even the best teams to have a bad night mean that major upsets are far from rare and can be very profitable.

There's another reason to bet the underdogs on the moneyline as well. If your handicapping has made you feel very strongly that a poor team is due for a big win then the moneyline allows you to profit much more handsomely from your conclusion than a point spread bet does. The moneyline, then, is a powerful situational tool for people who closely follow the NBA.

Understanding Sports Odds Identify the type of line you are looking at. All online sports books offer you the chance to have your lines in an "American" or "Money line" version. If I were you, I would use this as my standard. Two other less common variations exist: decimal odds and fractional odds. Briefly: --Fractional odds are most commonly found in racing. Identify the favorite. Lines with a - before the number i. How the point spread works - When two teams meet on the playing field or on the basketball court, one team is typically better than the other or in a more favorable position because of factors like playing at home.

If all you had to do were pick the winning team in a game, everybody would simply wager on the best team or the home team in a even matchup and bypass all the lines and collect their winnings at a high rate. A point spread - Lets take, for a hypothetical situation on one of the types of football bets using the point spread , that the Kansas City Chiefs were visiting the Detroit Lions and Detroit was established as a six-point favorite at game time, which is commonly written as Detroit If you bet the favorite, Detroit has to win by more than six points to win your bet.

Remember, the Lions are favored by six points, so we subtract six points from their final score on a spread bet. If Detroit were to win , Lions bettors would win their wager. If the Chiefs were to win the game by any score and you picked the Chiefs you would win not including the extra six points. If the Lions were to win, , it would be exactly six and a push, so you would get your money back. Betting against the spread - In the sports betting industry the acronym ATS is used to label a team's record when betting against the spread.

ATS records are a valuable tool in sports handicapping. A team may be playing great straight-up, winning a lot of games but at the same time they could have a dreadful ATS record because they are overvalued by the general public and the oddsmakers. And, conversely, a team could be losing a lot of games but playing in a lot of close games as underdogs and have a good ATS record going.

Bookmaker's interest - In order to guarantee a profit for the house, a bookie needs to create even action on both sides of a particular game. In a perfect world the bookie would have 50 percent of the handle come in on the underdog and 50 percent on the favorite. This ensures that the sports books are guaranteed a profit because of the 10 percent commission or "vigorish" charged on most sports wagers.

This is why there is "movement" on the point spread. If one side on a game is being bet more heavily, the bookie must move the number in order to attract interest on the other side in order to balance action. ATS: Abbreviation for Above the Spread Back-door Cover: This term refers to meaningless points scored late in the game by the underdog team to cover the spread.

Edge: This is the advantage in any wager.

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Whether you're planning on betting big on the game this weekend or just want to be able to hold a conversation with the guy who put his life savings on the National Anthem coming in at under All Rights Reserved. Sign up for the Complex Newsletter for breaking news, events, and unique stories. Also Watch Close. Share This Story.

Previous Slide Next Slide. Sign up for Complex notifications for breaking news and stories. No Thanks Allow. An exchange posts bets with two sides and the betting option remains listed until both sides are bet on. Betting exchanges profit by taking a small commission juice from winning tickets. Betting strategy: Various plans that bettors use to get a leg-up on bookmakers. Primary betting strategies should include proper bankroll management and performing extensive research prior to placing wagers.

Bookmaker: A licensed individual who sets daily betting odds and accepts bets. Also known as a linemaker. The series is run at a variety of race tracks. Buy points : Bettors can buy points, using alternate point spreads and game totals, to gain a more favorable line.

Juice attached to the odds increases with each point purchased. Chalk: Another term for favorite. Los Angeles is the chalk side if the Lakers are a -3 point favorite over the Houston Rockets. Circled game: Matches that have set betting maximums, which are capped at low amounts. Games are usually circled when bookmakers face unknowns such as player injuries, weather or rumors that surface prior to a match.

Opening odds and prop options are often circled as well. Closing line: The final betting odds posted prior to the start of a competition. Co-favorite: Two or more sides with identical odds to win. Common with futures odds, bookmakers may post co-favorites to win the NBA Finals championship. Combine: A series of fitness tests that help scouts from professional teams evaluate amateur athletes. Commission: Another term for vigorish and juice, commission is the bookmakers take on any bet.

It is also the amount a betting exchange takes from winning wagers. Correct score: Bettors are offered a list of possible final scores on a match. In soccer, players can bet on a match ending as low as or as high as plus all scores in between.

The most likely result is the favorite and the least likely result is the underdog. New England winning over Miami means the Patriots would cover a point spread. Dog: Short for underdog, a dog is perceived as the least likely side to win and is tagged with plus pricing.

Bettors often double their bet when they feel one side is vastly superior to another. Double result: A single betting option that combines the score of a game at halftime and the score at the end of the same game. Double-header: Two games that are played back-to-back on the same day.

Most common in baseball, a double-header will often take place if a game from the previous day was rained out. Draw: Any contest where the final score ends in a tie. In most instances, a draw is graded as a PUSH and original bet amounts are returned. Drift: Betting odds that grow longer after the opening line is posted. Each-way: Common in horse racing, each-way betting takes a single amount and splits it on a horse to finish first or second.

Both bets pay if the horse finishes first while just one bet pays if the horse finishes second. The return on a first place win is always higher than the return on a second place win. Edge: Gaining an advantage through extensive research or having insights that are not publicly known. Even money: Odds that return the exact amount of the original bet.

Exotic Bet: Betting options beyond point spreads, moneylines and game totals. Proposition bets, specials and parlays are the most common types of exotic bets. Exposure: Amount of money a bettor or bookmaker stands to lose on any given wager. Favorite: Any side priced with a negative number.

Two Final Four games are played prior to the National Championship game. First half bet: A wager that focused on the result of the first half in sports like basketball, soccer and football. The most popular first half betting odds are spread, moneyline and game total options. A variety of team and player props are also offered as first half bets.

Fixed odds : When a wager is placed, and a bookmaker accepts it, the line becomes fixed odds. Also a term for moneyline odds. French Open : Second of four women's and men's Grand Slam tennis tournaments that are played over two weeks in late May and early June. Futures bet : A wager placed on an event that will take place in the near or distant future.

Futures are also offered in soccer, major horse races, plus golf and tennis tournaments. If a baseball game total is set at 7. Graded Bet: A wager that bookmakers officially mark as a winner, a loser, or a push, once a competition has ended. Winnings, or push refunds, are paid out after a bet has been graded. If there are seven games on the NFL schedule, the line may be set at Half ball handicap: Soccer betting odds where 0. Half time bet : Wagers placed on the outcome of just the second half of a competition.

Half time bets can be placed during intermission or as live wagers once the second half begins. Handicap: Betting odds set by a bookmaker that are designed to level the playing field. New Orleans may have a If the Saints win by eight or more points - they cover the handicap and produce winning wagers. Handicapper: A bettor who researches matchups and then places a bet. Also applies to tipsters who publish predictions on various sporting events. Handle: Total amount of money a bookmaker accepts on a single game or event.

Hedge : Most common with parlay betting and as a risk management tool. Hedging a bet consists of betting on the opposite side of an original wager to set up a guaranteed return. A hedge bet may also be placed to reduce the initial risk on a potential losing wager. Home field advantage: The perceived benefit a team gains when playing in familiar settings at their home stadium. Hook : A half point added to point spreads and game total odds. A hook guarantees a wager will not be graded as a push.

One side will win and one side will lose. If bet: A member of the parlay family, an If Bet consists of two or more wagers. In play betting: Wagers placed after an event after it has started. Also known as LIVE betting, bookmakers post multiple in-play betting options throughout most major sporting events. Joint favorite: Two or more sides posted with the same betting odds on the same event. Juice : Also known as vigorish, juice is set by bookmakers and is attached to spread and total betting options.

If Minnesota Kentucky Derby: First jewel in the Triple Crown of thoroughbred racing. Laying points : Betting on a favorite. A wager on Dallas, as a The Cowboys need to win by at least points to cash a winning ticket. Layoff: Used by bookmakers and players to reduce risk on a certain market. Parlay bettors may have an option to place a layoff wager on both sides of the last open bet on a ticket to set up a guaranteed profit.

Limit: Bookmakers set various high and low wagering limits that vary by sport and betting options. As part of a proper bankroll management system, players should set and follow personal betting limits. Line: Betting odds posted by a bookmaker. Linemaker: Same as a bookmaker, a person or group that sets daily betting lines and prices. Listed pitchers: Appear with daily baseball betting odds. Live betting : Also known as in-play wagering, live betting is offered once a sporting event begins.

Spreads, moneylines and totals are adjusted and re-posted as a match plays out. Prop options, like next goalscorer and correct final score, are also available. Lock: Term often used by tipsters to tempt bettors into buying handicapping advice. Death and taxes are the only true locks in life. Longshot: A perceived inferior side that is also known as an underdog. Longshot prices are always displayed as positive prices. Masters Tournament: First of four major Grand Slam golf tournaments.

Middle : Cashing tickets on both sides of a betting option. Bettors have an opportunity to middle when a point spread moves up or down prior to a match. The MLB draft is five rounds and most of the players selected will be assigned to minor league teams. Moneyline : A straight up bet, without any point spread, where bettors need to predict the outright winner. Multiple bets: Same as parlay, multiple bets are a single wager that consists of at least two sides on a single ticket.

All sides must win or push to cash winning multiple bets. MVP: Player honored as most valuable to their team during the regular season or playoffs. Wagering on who will be named the Most Valuable Player is a popular futures betting option in professional sports. Nap: Similar to a lock, a nap is a handicappers suggested best bet on a daily betting card. No action: Betting options cancelled by a bookmaker are graded as no action. Original stakes are returned to bettors.

Novelty bets: Prop and special betting options that are wagers beyond standard moneyline, point spread and game total odds. Team and player propositions are the most common novelty bets. Odds: Betting lines set by a bookmaker on a variety of events. Oddsmaker: Same as a linemaker, a person or group that sets daily betting lines and prices. Odds on favorite: One side that is viewed as far superior to the other and is priced with odds that offer very little value.

Odds shopping: Reviewing the lines at a variety of sportsbooks in order to find the best priced odds. An injury to a star player may cause bookmakers to pull odds off the board. Outright betting: Predicting the overall winner of a tournament or playoff competition.

Over bet: Opposite of an Under bet on game total options. Bettors need to determine if the combined scores of both teams will go over or remain under the number. Also known as game total odds. Parlay : A single bet, also known as an accumulator or multiple, that consists of two or more sides.

Each side must win to produce a winning ticket. Parlay banker: Forming the base of a parlay wager, a banker is a favorite side to which other sides are added. Payout: The amount a bettor collects on a winning wager. When a wager is placed, the possible payout on a betting receipt usually includes the original stake.

Held in late May at various courses across the United States. Point spread : Odds posted on a match that are designed to level the playing field. Favorites are listed with a negative Post time: Scheduled start time of a race. Power rankings: A ranking system that uses a variety of criteria to grade teams, in a specific league, from the best to worst.

SPORTS BETTING IN DELAWARE RULES AND REGULATIONS

Betting on auto racing has exploded in popularity in Vegas in recent years, and its appeal continues to grow. The structure of betting on auto racing is similar to that of golf. The most basic wager involves picking the winner of a race. Typically a sportsbook will list 20 or more individual drivers along with a field all others option, at various odds.

Auto racing matchup propositions also are available, in which two drivers are paired against each other in a head-to-head wager, with a betting line on each driver set by the oddsmaker. The driver with the better finish in the race wins the matchup. Both drivers must start for action.

For example, a matchup may pit Dale Jarrett minus against Bobby Labonte plus To bet on baseball, tell the ticket writer the bet number of the team you wish to bet and the amount you wish to wager. If your team wins the game, you win. The payout varies according to the odds posted. Baseball odds are shown using a "Money Line. A "minus" - preceding the number indicates the team is a favorite.

On Today's Line we use a different format, the idea is the same. You will not find the odds for the Underdog. The Underdog's odds are based on what the casino has for its line. Most use a "Dime Line" or something close to that.

Here are two more examples of a dime line and a cent line. See whether you can tell them apart. You can arrive at the underdog's price by looking at the favorite's line. Dime lines are slowly disappearing as sports books look to make a larger profit during what is traditionally the slowest betting season. Several books still offer dime lines. Money lines change constantly. The listed money line the time you make your bet may be different from the money line when the game starts.

The listed line on your ticket is your official odds, unless starting pitcher is changed. This is explained later. You may wager that the total score of the game will be more or less than the number listed. It makes no difference which team wins. Simply add the final scores of each team.

If either doesn't happen, the bet is refunded. A favorite must win by 2 runs or more, or the underdog must either: a Win the game. The payout varies according to the money line odds assigned to each outcome. Note: Same rules apply to run line bets as totals. Baseball parlays are figured out by calculating the payout for the first game, based on the money line, then applying that amount to the next game, and so-forth.

If a game is postponed for any reason, the parlay reduces by one team. The bet is treated as if the postponed game were never included in the parlay. Simply ask the betting attendant at your favorite sports book what your payout would be before placing the bet.

When making a baseball bet, you are betting team vs. You have the option to specify that either or both listed pitchers must start the game. Since baseball odds are determined on starting pitchers, any late pitching changes often force an adjustment in the odds. This will increase or decrease the payout on a winning ticket.

However, if you list starting pitchers, and your pitcher doesn't start, then the bet is refunded. To bet on basketball, tell the ticket writer the bet number of the team you wish to bet, with the point spread, and the amount you wish to wager. The Point Spread: When betting on basketball, the team you bet on must "cover the spread.

The point spread is always placed to the immediate right of the team that is favored. In this example, if you bet the Bulls, the Bulls must win by 4 points for you to win your bet. If you bet the Lakers, any of the following will declare you a winner. If the Bulls win by exactly 3 points then the wager is declared a push and all money is refunded. Point spreads change constantly. The listed point spread the time you make your bet may be different from the point spread when the game starts.

The point spread that is listed on your ticket is your official spread. It makes no difference which team covers the spread. Simply add the final score of each team. You may combine several teams into one wager. Odds and the number of teams vary from casino to casino. The following are approximate odds:. Any game that results in a push reduces the parlay one team. A two-team parlay would become a straight bet. This increases the probability of winning your bet but decreases the odds of the parlay.

Odds and the number of points available to "tease" vary from casino to casino. To bet on boxing, tell the ticket writer the bet number of the boxer you wish to bet and the amount you wish to wager. Boxing odds are shown using a "Money Line. A "minus" - preceding the number indicates a favorite. Tyson is favored to win the bout. Boxing matches often feature money line proposition wagers on knockouts, draws, rounds and the duration of the fight.

Odds vary on each fight. To bet on football, tell the ticket writer the bet number of the team you wish to bet, with the point spread and the amount you wish to wager. The point spread: When betting on football, the team you bet on must "cover the spread. If you bet the Dolphins, the Dolphins must win by 7 points for you to win your bet.

If you bet the Jets, any of the following will declare you a winner. The listed point spread at the time you make your bet may be different from the point spread when the game starts. In some cases, bettors have the option to discard the point spread and bet on which team will win. This is called betting on the "Money Line". Sports books offer a number of different cards, each one having different rules. Rules for parlay cards are placed on the back of each card.

Read them carefully before wagering. The cards are simple to fill out. Simply darken the boxes, or circles, that apply to the teams you wish to parlay. Then darken the amount you want to bet. Sportsbooks offer bettors the opportunity to wager on the outcome of a season -- for example, which team will win the Super Bowl or the Stanley Cup or the American League East pennant.

This is known as "futures book" or "future book" betting. As an illustration, let's look at Super Bowl futures. For example, the Ravens may be , the Redskins , the Cardinals , etc. It does not matter whether your team covers the point spread in the Super Bowl.

For the purposes of future book betting, the team has to win only the Super Bowl. When you make a futures bet, your odds are "locked in. Futures betting also is offered on the major events in horse racing, such as the Kentucky Derby and Breeders' Cup. In horse racing futures, if your horse does not start the race due to injury or any other reason, you lose the bet -- there are no refunds.

On the other hand, the odds on your horse racing futures bet also are "locked in," regardless of the horse's odds on race day. Some sportsbooks offer futures betting on unusual propositions, such as which major league baseball player will hit the most home runs in the regular season. Note that in this type of wager, all bets are action regardless of injuries or other unforeseen events.

This type of wager is typically found on pro football and major league baseball, and sometimes on pro basketball. If the Yankees go on to win 94 or more games, the "over" is a winner. If they win 92 or fewer games, the "under" is a winner. Source: Doc's Sports Service When you bet on the money line , you are betting on one side to simply win.

With the money line you just have to hope your team wins rather than cover a point spread. Of course, the one downside is having to risk more money to return the same amount that a point spread bet would net you. When the point spread was invented in Chicago by Charles McNeil the money line took a backseat. In football the money line is often a popular choice for bettors who have been burned by last-second scoring that actually had no actual affect on the outcome of the game.

Money line bets tend to be even more popular with underdogs. A nice profit can be made if a touchdown or more underdog pulls off an outright win. When betting with a point spread you are wagering that a particular team will win or lose by a certain amount of points. This pays out even-money minus the vigorish, or bookmakers take, which we will later explain further. If the final score happens to end up exactly on the number it's a tie, or 'push,' and you get your money back.

These are examples of 'side' betting with a point spread. There are also 'total' wagers that refer to the total amount of points scored by both teams. The optimal situation for bookmakers is to set odds that will attract an equal amount of money on both sides, thus limiting their exposure to any one particular result. To further explain, consider two people make a bet on each side of a game without a bookmaker. In a perfect world if all bookmaker action was balanced, they would be guaranteed a nice profit because of the vig.

Identify the favorite : Lines with a - before the number i. That does not mean you have to bet that much, it's just easiest to understand! The most important thing you can teach yourself early on is: "Just because the books assign one side to be the favorite even large, or , favorites , does not mean that they will win.

Money line odds - These are by far the most common form of odds in North America for sports betting. They are expressed as numbers greater than , and they can be either a positive or negative number. Each one is a little bit different. Just what is a moneyline? Essentially, a moneyline bet is a bet on which team is going to win the game. There is no point spread or other handicap for either team, so if you pick a team and it scores more points than the other team then you win. Obviously there has to be a catch, though, or the bet would be way too simple.

The sportsbooks balance their risk by setting different prices on each team. You win a smaller amount than you bet if you pick the favorite, and you generally win more than you bet if you pick the underdog. The stronger the favorite the less you will win, and vice versa. How do you read a moneyline? A moneyline is a number larger than , and it is either positive or negative.

A line with a positive number means that the team is the underdog. In most cases, the favorite will be the team with a negative moneyline in some cases both teams can have a negative moneyline if they are both closely matched. A team with a moneyline of wouldn't be favored nearly as strongly as a team with a moneyline of Why would I bet a favorite on the moneyline?

The biggest advantage of the moneyline for the NBA is that your team doesn't have to overcome the point spread for you to win your game. If your handicapping leads you to believe that one team is likely to win but you can be less certain that they will win by as much as the point spread then the moneyline may be attractive. You are sacrificing some potential return because the moneyline won't pay as much for the favorite as the point spread will, but it's obviously better to make a small profit than it is to lose a bet.

This is particularly attractive in basketball because the favorites can often face large point spreads and teams can win comfortably and effectively without covering the spread. Why would I bet an underdog on the moneyline? Simply, bigger returns. You won't win as often, of course, because the underdog not only has to cover the spread, but it actually has to win the game outright.

Upsets happen, though, and good handicapping will often isolate situations where the likelihood of an upset exceeds the risk of the bet. This is especially relevant in the NBA because the number of games, and the possibility for even the best teams to have a bad night mean that major upsets are far from rare and can be very profitable.

There's another reason to bet the underdogs on the moneyline as well. If your handicapping has made you feel very strongly that a poor team is due for a big win then the moneyline allows you to profit much more handsomely from your conclusion than a point spread bet does. The moneyline, then, is a powerful situational tool for people who closely follow the NBA. Understanding Sports Odds Identify the type of line you are looking at. All online sports books offer you the chance to have your lines in an "American" or "Money line" version.

If I were you, I would use this as my standard. Two other less common variations exist: decimal odds and fractional odds. Briefly: --Fractional odds are most commonly found in racing. Identify the favorite. Lines with a - before the number i. How the point spread works - When two teams meet on the playing field or on the basketball court, one team is typically better than the other or in a more favorable position because of factors like playing at home.

If all you had to do were pick the winning team in a game, everybody would simply wager on the best team or the home team in a even matchup and bypass all the lines and collect their winnings at a high rate. A point spread - Lets take, for a hypothetical situation on one of the types of football bets using the point spread , that the Kansas City Chiefs were visiting the Detroit Lions and Detroit was established as a six-point favorite at game time, which is commonly written as Detroit If you bet the favorite, Detroit has to win by more than six points to win your bet.

Remember, the Lions are favored by six points, so we subtract six points from their final score on a spread bet. If Detroit were to win , Lions bettors would win their wager. If the Chiefs were to win the game by any score and you picked the Chiefs you would win not including the extra six points. If the Lions were to win, , it would be exactly six and a push, so you would get your money back. Betting against the spread - In the sports betting industry the acronym ATS is used to label a team's record when betting against the spread.

ATS records are a valuable tool in sports handicapping. A team may be playing great straight-up, winning a lot of games but at the same time they could have a dreadful ATS record because they are overvalued by the general public and the oddsmakers.

And, conversely, a team could be losing a lot of games but playing in a lot of close games as underdogs and have a good ATS record going. Bookmaker's interest - In order to guarantee a profit for the house, a bookie needs to create even action on both sides of a particular game.

In a perfect world the bookie would have 50 percent of the handle come in on the underdog and 50 percent on the favorite. This ensures that the sports books are guaranteed a profit because of the 10 percent commission or "vigorish" charged on most sports wagers. This is why there is "movement" on the point spread. If one side on a game is being bet more heavily, the bookie must move the number in order to attract interest on the other side in order to balance action. ATS: Abbreviation for Above the Spread Back-door Cover: This term refers to meaningless points scored late in the game by the underdog team to cover the spread.

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Draw: Any contest where the final score ends in a tie. In most instances, a draw is graded as a PUSH and original bet amounts are returned. Drift: Betting odds that grow longer after the opening line is posted. Each-way: Common in horse racing, each-way betting takes a single amount and splits it on a horse to finish first or second.

Both bets pay if the horse finishes first while just one bet pays if the horse finishes second. The return on a first place win is always higher than the return on a second place win. Edge: Gaining an advantage through extensive research or having insights that are not publicly known. Even money: Odds that return the exact amount of the original bet.

Exotic Bet: Betting options beyond point spreads, moneylines and game totals. Proposition bets, specials and parlays are the most common types of exotic bets. Exposure: Amount of money a bettor or bookmaker stands to lose on any given wager.

Favorite: Any side priced with a negative number. Two Final Four games are played prior to the National Championship game. First half bet: A wager that focused on the result of the first half in sports like basketball, soccer and football. The most popular first half betting odds are spread, moneyline and game total options. A variety of team and player props are also offered as first half bets. Fixed odds : When a wager is placed, and a bookmaker accepts it, the line becomes fixed odds.

Also a term for moneyline odds. French Open : Second of four women's and men's Grand Slam tennis tournaments that are played over two weeks in late May and early June. Futures bet : A wager placed on an event that will take place in the near or distant future. Futures are also offered in soccer, major horse races, plus golf and tennis tournaments. If a baseball game total is set at 7. Graded Bet: A wager that bookmakers officially mark as a winner, a loser, or a push, once a competition has ended.

Winnings, or push refunds, are paid out after a bet has been graded. If there are seven games on the NFL schedule, the line may be set at Half ball handicap: Soccer betting odds where 0. Half time bet : Wagers placed on the outcome of just the second half of a competition. Half time bets can be placed during intermission or as live wagers once the second half begins. Handicap: Betting odds set by a bookmaker that are designed to level the playing field.

New Orleans may have a If the Saints win by eight or more points - they cover the handicap and produce winning wagers. Handicapper: A bettor who researches matchups and then places a bet. Also applies to tipsters who publish predictions on various sporting events. Handle: Total amount of money a bookmaker accepts on a single game or event.

Hedge : Most common with parlay betting and as a risk management tool. Hedging a bet consists of betting on the opposite side of an original wager to set up a guaranteed return. A hedge bet may also be placed to reduce the initial risk on a potential losing wager.

Home field advantage: The perceived benefit a team gains when playing in familiar settings at their home stadium. Hook : A half point added to point spreads and game total odds. A hook guarantees a wager will not be graded as a push. One side will win and one side will lose. If bet: A member of the parlay family, an If Bet consists of two or more wagers.

In play betting: Wagers placed after an event after it has started. Also known as LIVE betting, bookmakers post multiple in-play betting options throughout most major sporting events. Joint favorite: Two or more sides posted with the same betting odds on the same event.

Juice : Also known as vigorish, juice is set by bookmakers and is attached to spread and total betting options. If Minnesota Kentucky Derby: First jewel in the Triple Crown of thoroughbred racing. Laying points : Betting on a favorite. A wager on Dallas, as a The Cowboys need to win by at least points to cash a winning ticket.

Layoff: Used by bookmakers and players to reduce risk on a certain market. Parlay bettors may have an option to place a layoff wager on both sides of the last open bet on a ticket to set up a guaranteed profit. Limit: Bookmakers set various high and low wagering limits that vary by sport and betting options. As part of a proper bankroll management system, players should set and follow personal betting limits. Line: Betting odds posted by a bookmaker. Linemaker: Same as a bookmaker, a person or group that sets daily betting lines and prices.

Listed pitchers: Appear with daily baseball betting odds. Live betting : Also known as in-play wagering, live betting is offered once a sporting event begins. Spreads, moneylines and totals are adjusted and re-posted as a match plays out. Prop options, like next goalscorer and correct final score, are also available. Lock: Term often used by tipsters to tempt bettors into buying handicapping advice. Death and taxes are the only true locks in life.

Longshot: A perceived inferior side that is also known as an underdog. Longshot prices are always displayed as positive prices. Masters Tournament: First of four major Grand Slam golf tournaments. Middle : Cashing tickets on both sides of a betting option. Bettors have an opportunity to middle when a point spread moves up or down prior to a match.

The MLB draft is five rounds and most of the players selected will be assigned to minor league teams. Moneyline : A straight up bet, without any point spread, where bettors need to predict the outright winner. Multiple bets: Same as parlay, multiple bets are a single wager that consists of at least two sides on a single ticket. All sides must win or push to cash winning multiple bets.

MVP: Player honored as most valuable to their team during the regular season or playoffs. Wagering on who will be named the Most Valuable Player is a popular futures betting option in professional sports. Nap: Similar to a lock, a nap is a handicappers suggested best bet on a daily betting card. No action: Betting options cancelled by a bookmaker are graded as no action. Original stakes are returned to bettors. Novelty bets: Prop and special betting options that are wagers beyond standard moneyline, point spread and game total odds.

Team and player propositions are the most common novelty bets. Odds: Betting lines set by a bookmaker on a variety of events. Oddsmaker: Same as a linemaker, a person or group that sets daily betting lines and prices. Odds on favorite: One side that is viewed as far superior to the other and is priced with odds that offer very little value. Odds shopping: Reviewing the lines at a variety of sportsbooks in order to find the best priced odds. An injury to a star player may cause bookmakers to pull odds off the board.

Outright betting: Predicting the overall winner of a tournament or playoff competition. Over bet: Opposite of an Under bet on game total options. Bettors need to determine if the combined scores of both teams will go over or remain under the number. Also known as game total odds. Parlay : A single bet, also known as an accumulator or multiple, that consists of two or more sides. Each side must win to produce a winning ticket.

Parlay banker: Forming the base of a parlay wager, a banker is a favorite side to which other sides are added. Payout: The amount a bettor collects on a winning wager. When a wager is placed, the possible payout on a betting receipt usually includes the original stake. Held in late May at various courses across the United States.

Point spread : Odds posted on a match that are designed to level the playing field. Favorites are listed with a negative Post time: Scheduled start time of a race. Power rankings: A ranking system that uses a variety of criteria to grade teams, in a specific league, from the best to worst. Preakness Stakes: Second jewel in the Triple Crown of thoroughbred racing.

Proposition bet: Often shortened to prop bet, proposition bets are exotic or special wagers that are offered on most sporting events. NFL Super Bowl prop betting options number in the hundreds. Proxy : A proxy is an individual, or a group of individuals, who place bets for other people. The term is most commonly associated with people who submit picks for non-Las Vegas residents that are involved in season-long sports pools like the Westgate Las Vegas SuperContest.

Puck line: Point spread pricing in hockey. Prior to a match, the favorite is normally posted at Push: Any wager where the final result is a tie. If a basketball spread is 11 points and the final score is spread bets on both teams are graded as a push and original stakes are returned.

Quarter Bet : Any wager placed prior to or during any quarter of a sporting event. Prior to an NBA game, Boston may be a LIVE betting odds will change often as the first 12 minutes of the match play out. Recreational Bettor: A player that bets infrequently or on major sporting events only.

Rec player bets are counted as public money. Opposite of a sharp or professional bettor. Rotation Number: A number assigned by bookmakers to every betting option on the board. Bettors use the rotation number when placing a bet, rather than team names, at betting windows at land based sportsbooks. ROY: Honors the top first year player in most professional sports leagues. Wagering on which player will be named the Rookie of the Year ROY is a popular futures betting option.

Run Line: Point spread pricing in baseball. Prior to a game the favorite is normally posted at Second half bet: Any wager that focuses on the outcome of the second half of any competition. Bettors can place wagers before the second half begins or make live bets once the match resumes. Selke Trophy: Awarded to a forward not a defenseman or goaltender with the best defensive skills during the NHL regular season.

Sell points: Bettors can sell points by using alternate point spreads and game totals. In football, if a player moves a line from Juice becomes more favorable for the bettor with each point sold. Sharp: A professional sports gambler who uses vast resources to determine their wagers. Sharps look at the big picture and base their bets on knowledge.

But despite this, it still seems like there are plenty of people out there who have absolutely no idea how betting lines actually work. Whether you're planning on betting big on the game this weekend or just want to be able to hold a conversation with the guy who put his life savings on the National Anthem coming in at under All Rights Reserved. Sign up for the Complex Newsletter for breaking news, events, and unique stories. Also Watch Close. Share This Story. Previous Slide Next Slide.

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